Posted in English Tips

PREPOSITIONS – INTERMEDIATE STUDENTS

 

ENGLISH TIPS

picture taken from here

 
Prepositions
 
Prepositions are short words (on, in, to) that usually stand in front of nouns (sometimes also in front of gerund verbs).
Even advanced learners of English find prepositions difficult, as a 1:1 translation is usually not possible. One preposition in your native language might have several translations depending on the situation.
 
There are hardly any rules as to when to use which preposition. The only way to learn prepositions is looking them up in a dictionary, reading a lot in English (literature) and learning useful phrases off by heart (study tips).
The following table contains rules for some of the most frequently used prepositions in English:
 
Prepositions – Time
 
on
 days of the week
 on Monday
 
in
 months / seasons – time of day – year – after a certain period of time (when?)
in August / in winter
in the morning
in 2006
in an hour

 
at
 for night – for weekend – a certain point of time (when?)
at night
at the weekend
at half past nine

 
since
 from a certain point of time (past till now)
 since 1980
 
for
 over a certain period of time (past till now)
 for 2 years
 
ago
 a certain time in the past
 2 years ago
 
before
 earlier than a certain point of time
 before 2004
 
to
 telling the time
 ten to six (5:50)
 
past
 telling the time
 ten past six (6:10)
 
to / till / until
 marking the beginning and end of a period of time
 from Monday to/till Friday
 
till / until
 in the sense of how long something is going to last
 He is on holiday until Friday.
 
by
 in the sense of at the latest – up to a certain time
 I will be back by 6 o’clock.
By 11 o’clock, I had read five pages.

 
Prepositions – Place (Position and Direction)
in room, building, street, town, country – book, paper etc. – car, taxi – picture, world
in the kitchen, in London
in the book
in the car, in a taxi
in the picture, in the world

 
at
 meaning next to, by an object – for table – for events – place where you are to do something typical (watch a film, study, work)
at the door, at the station
at the table
at a concert, at the party
at the cinema, at school, at work

 
on
 attached – for a place with a river – being on a surface – for a certain side (left, right) – for a floor in a house – for public transport – for television, radio
the picture on the wall
London lies on the Thames.
on the table
on the left
on the first floor
on the bus, on a plane
on TV, on the radio

 
by, next to, beside
 left or right of somebody or something
 Jane is standing by / next to / beside the car.
 
under
 on the ground, lower than (or covered by) something else
 the bag is under the table
 
below
 lower than something else but above ground
 the fish are below the surface
 
over
 covered by something else – meaning more than – getting to the other side (also across) – overcoming an obstacle
 put a jacket over your shirt
over 16 years of age
walk over the bridge
climb over the wall

 
above
 higher than something else, but not directly over it
 a path above the lake
 
across
 getting to the other side (also over) – getting to the other side
walk across the bridge
swim across the lake

 
through
 something with limits on top, bottom and the sides
 drive through the tunnel
 
to
 movement to person or building – movement to a place or country – for bed
go to the cinema
go to London / Ireland
go to bed

 
into
 enter a room / a building
 go into the kitchen / the house
 
towards
 movement in the direction of something (but not directly to it)
 go 5 steps towards the house
 
onto
 movement to the top of something
 jump onto the table
 
from
 in the sense of where from
 a flower from the garden
 
Other important Prepositions
from
 who gave it
 a present from Jane
 
of
 who/what does it belong to – what does it show
a page of the book
the picture of a palace

 
by
 who made it
 a book by Mark Twain
 
on
 walking or riding on horseback – entering a public transport vehicle
on foot, on horseback
get on the bus

 
in
 entering a car  / Taxi
 get in the car
 
off
 leaving a public transport vehicle
 get off the train
 
out of
 leaving a car  / Taxi
 get out of the taxi
 
by
 rise or fall of something – travelling (other than walking or horseriding)
prices have risen by 10 percent
by car, by bus

 
at
 for age
 she learned Russian at 45
 
about
 for topics, meaning what about
 we were talking about you
 

(veja exercícios na página abaixo) 

Fonte: http://www.ego4u.com  

2 VIDEOS ON PREPOSITIONS:

Part One – Part Two – Part Three  (seen here)

2 thoughts on “PREPOSITIONS – INTERMEDIATE STUDENTS

  1. AmizadeDe mais ninguém, senão de ti, preciso:Do teu sereno olhar, do teu sorriso,Da tua mão pousada no meu ombro.Ouvir-te murmurar: – «Espera e confia!»E sentir converter-se em harmonia,O que era, dantes, confusão e assombro.Carlos Queirósbjs estreladosverinha

    Like

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